Sighting in for a Change in Shooting Location
Both hunters and target shooters often
face the problem of preparing for a hunt or target competition at
a location much different in altitude and shooting conditions from
their local shooting range where they sight in their guns. Again,
an example will help with the explanation of this situation. Suppose
a hunter with a 30-06 Springfield is preparing to hunt deer and
elk in a western location where the altitude is around 7500 feet
above sea level, but he or she lives and uses a target range at
an altitude of about 500 feet. The shooter wants the rifle to be
zeroed in at 250 yards at the hunting location. The question is,
where should the gun be sighted in at the local target range to
make this happen?
be used to answer this question. The first step is to calculate
a trajectory with a 250 yard zero range for the shooting conditions
at the hunting location. Suppose the hunter handloads the Sierra
.308" dia 180 grain Spitzer Boat Tail GameKing bullet in the 30-06
to a muzzle velocity of 2500 fps. We enter this muzzle velocity,
a 250 yard zero range, and other appropriate trajectory parameters
in the Trajectory Parameter list inInfinity.
Note that we can enter a 1.0 mph crosswind (from the 3:00 oclock
or 9:00 oclock direction) just to obtain a crosswind sensitivity
for the trajectory at the hunting location. In the Environment
Parameters list, we will use the standard atmospheric
conditions because the actual weather conditions in the hunting
location cannot be predicted in advance, and we set the altitude
at 7500 feet. Then, we calculate the trajectory.
On the top toolbar on the monitor screen,
we then select Trajectory Variations. From the dropdown
menu, we select Environment Parameters and make the
following changes appropriate for the local target range. The barometric
pressure is changed to 30.05 inches of Hg, the temperature to 75°F,
the altitude to 500 feet, and the humidity to 65 percent, which
are the local conditions for the day that the gun is sighted in.
We then calculate the variations in the trajectory. Infinity
tells us that if the gun centers
groups 0.52 inch low at 250 yards at the local shooting range, the
gun will be sighted in for a 250 zero range at the hunting location.
Of course, this is a specific example, but this procedure can be
used for any other set of shooting conditions.